Myelography for dogs and cats

The myelography for dogs and cats is a image and test consists of applying a radiographic contrast in spinal subaracnóideda space-space between two, arachnoid and pia mater, the three meninges covering the nervous system. The test is performed using general anesthesia and spinal tap can occur in the cervical segment, most used, and/or lumbar spine. In short, it is a radiographic technique that uses iodine contrast in order to show the dog or cat spinal path.

The myelography for dogs and cats much has been used in veterinary medicine for additional assessment indicated primarily when there is suspicion of understanding spinal cord injuries, which leads to neurological disorders, being a herniated disc, which can lead to paresis or paralyzes the thoracic and/or pelvic members animal affected, depending on your location.

This examination is considered to be a great tool to reveal the origin of intradurais masses being intra or extramedulares. These days, how can we rely on MRI exams, exam of choice for evaluation of spinal column, and tomographic myelogram/CT scans, tests that provide more information, this exam is in disuse. Despite the risks of edo puncture using contrast, the same is required, since it is not possible to show the spinal cord in a common x-ray.

The myelogram is not indicated in cases in which the animal presents some infectious disease, especially when there is indication of this frame type by brain spinal fluid analysis, because of the risk to spread the infection through the subarachnoid space.

about the risks of this image examination , the most common is the seizure, representing 75% of the cases of complication, the progression of radiographic contrast to neurocrânio, however the animal also can present vomiting, apnea during spinal tap, hyperthermia (fever) ehiperestesia.

Read more: Dislocation of patella in dogs and cats-grades I, II, III and IV

As the exam?

Used especially by Neurology , a myelogram requires that the animal be pré-medicado and numb, being positioned in lateral decubitus position – that is, lying on its side – that the puncture is performed with a needle. Occurs first drainage of CSF to then be injected the dye of choice, which allows visualization of the spinal canal.

Most of the time the LP is cervical, being held in the cisterna magna – one of the three openings in the subarachnoid space – and, when necessary, a new LP in the lumbar region, often between the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae (lumbosacral area). Then, the radiographic study of the site.

The CSF collection is of great importance to assist the diagnosis of dog or cat. In many cases the myelogram is not conclusive, but veterinary analysis of cerebrospinal fluid in association can guide or even close the diagnosis.

The procedure is usually accompanied by an anaesthetist and the veterinarian radiologist, and although it is not free of risks, presents the incidence of complications reduced when performed by judicious.

Before this image be given examination, the veterinarian shall submit to a thorough neurological exam and other tests are used as first choice. The myelogram is used when the simple radiograph is not compatible to the neurological examination or not evidence injuries, in addition to the cases where it is necessary to know the exact location of the lesion for planning a surgical procedure that is performed by a veterinary neurologist.

Link of this article: http://www.cachorrogato.com.br/cachorros/mielografia-dogs-cats/

warning: this content is for information only and does not replace consultation with a veterinarian or specialist service. Find a provider near your House.


Dog Health – Bad Breath Can Mean Serious Health Problems For Your Dog

When you are a dog owner and you discover a extremely repulsive odor in your pup’s breathing, the best thing to do is actually to provide him or her to a vet. By doing this, you can be assured that you pet will get the very best care coming from a expert. You should not try to administer any treatments on your very own due to the fact you might be doing regular more damage as compared to good to your pet.

A veterinarian is the correct individual to examine your dog’s bad inhale. Certainly, he or she will have a way to help make a more accurate prognosis of the problem and point away the root cause of the bad smell. Particular analytical methods will probably be adopted and numerous actions is going to be taken before the primary trigger can become recognized.

Typically, the vet will be inquiring for the record of your pup’s medical history. Right now there are a few situations in which the bad breath could be caused by any achievable illness in the previous which could came back. For these types of instances, it might undoubtedly help when you keep just about all of your pup’s medical information for potential reference. Dog physicians will make good make use of of the information included in these records.

A total and organized dental evaluation will most likely become the next thing that your dog could have to undergo. More often than not, the cause of the foul odor is actually in the oral cavity. Any kind of abscesses and rotten the teeth are the most probable leads to of bad breathing in dogs. Any inflammation in the gum line and between teeth is normally the outcome of the build up of microorganisms and germs. If it is found that a good abscess is the result in, quick treatment needs to be given. The bad inhale will certainly disappear completely when the puffiness may be treated. Pus extraction from the cavity might be achieved together with a mild pain relievers. Anti-biotic may also be required to ensure that the concern is fixed.
Continue reading “Dog Health – Bad Breath Can Mean Serious Health Problems For Your Dog”


The Importance of Dog Insurance

Dogs are easy to get injuries because they are so active. But most pet owners don’t have the concept to get insurance for their dogs because of the high prices. With the increasing vet costs, it is important for pet owners to obtain dog insurance for their dogs. The cost for getting your dog’s teeth pulled can go up to thousands of dollars since the procedure involved x-ray, anesthesia, infection prevention, etc. This is just the same as human beings.

Now you want to know how much this will cost to have your dog covered. The average premium runs from $20 – $50 per month. The rate will be cheaper for a younger dog. Most pet insurers will insure your dog up to 10 years old. The older they are, the more expensive the premium gets. Keep this in mind, the vet visit cost around $500 to $5,000 per incident. So your policy itself should cost you less than $5,000 over your dog’s life time.

There are over 10 pet insurance providers in the U.S. The oldest and the biggest pet insurance provider is VPI (Veterinary Pet Insurance) along with ASPCA, PetPlan, Embrace pet insurance, etc. Remember to research before you buy. Knowing that dogs tend to wind up in the vet’s office twice as often as cats. You may also consider a cat for a family pet. Also, research the hereditary and chronic problems of the dog or cat you are considering. There are some breeds tend to have higher vet bill due to their known chronic problems.

Now that you know more about dog insurance, you should be able to choose the right plan for your favorite canine.


Should You Buy Dog Health Insurance?

Should you you should consider buying a dog health insurance policy? Yes, you ought to. Here’s why health insurance for dogs is a good idea:

Dog health insurance saves you money. As with just about just about all other costs, veterinary expenses have increased rapidly in current years. With out dog healthcare insurance (or more precisely, veterinarian insurance), you are responsible for paying for every thing: routine examinations, precautionary procedures, crisis care and disease treatments. Which will run into 100s of dollars. Why not really get some help?

Dog Health insurance: Quick Cost Facts

Health insurance for your dog, like health insurance for yourself, has yearly premiums and insurance deductibles. Pet insurance premiums depend on the breed of your dog and the type of policy you decide upon. If you convey more than one dog, there is generally a reduced rate following the first policy. Continue reading “Should You Buy Dog Health Insurance?”


Dog Health Issues – Avoiding Them Naturally

Dog health issues can end up being a source of problem. Individuals worry about the health of their pets and spend time and money attempting to avoid any problems. This really is completely understandable to anybody who cares for you, and shows empathy for an additional. Although not all health problems are a cause for concern. A minimum of not how you might be taking a look at it.

Let me clarify.

Lots of people come from a place of fear: they fear they may succumb to the subsequent crisis, they fear their own child will come to harm if they venture away alone, they concern their own dog is going to be affected by other dogs roaming in the recreation area. The list is endless.

This is disempowering. The concern rules their own life. Real or mythical,it can make no distinction. Because they focus on the endless problems, it is unavoidable that lots of of all of them show itself. Continue reading “Dog Health Issues – Avoiding Them Naturally”